Star Anise classified as the herb that are popular spices used in various cooking types and often used to make the medicine for healthcare purpose. It has often used in Asia, such as China and Vietnam, including Thailand.
Currently, the researches around the world certify many medicinal properties of star anise. Notably, Chinese star anise species contain the active ingredients, which have main properties such as pain relief, chronic inflammation treatment in the respiratory system, digestive system, and urinary system. It helps relieve stomachache and flatulence, cure colds, reduce fever, help treat rheumatism suppressing joint pain, bone pain, back pain, lumbar pain, cramping, numbness in hands and feet. Moreover, it can help to increase muscle performance and the immune system. The active substances such as Linalool, Quercetin, Anethole, Shikimic acid, Gallic acid, and Limonene found in Star Anise. These active ingredients are used for medical purposes, as follows:
1. Antiviral Capability: The active ingredient found in star anise, named Shikimic acid, has been reported to inhibit viral infection, especially the influenza virus. Thus, some pharmaceutical companies that used this active ingredient to produce antiretroviral medicines and widely used. Also found that star anise active ingredient is also effective against Herpes simplex virus that causes herpes on the lips.
2. Antibacterial Benefit: The study reported that the active substance in star anise could inhibit bacterial infection. Also found it may be able to inhibit bacterial infection resistance, especially bacterial infections in the urinary system. Additionally, the study found that the active ingredient can inhibit E.coli bacteria growth. E.coli is bacteria that often causes infection in the urinary system and living in the urinary tract. The suppressing these bacteria growth is equivalent to suppressing urinary tract infections.
3. Antifungal Property: The research found Flavonoid anethole, which is an active substance in star anise. It reported inhibiting the fungi growth, which is useful for researching and development to treat in patients with various fungal infections.
4. Activate Immune System Property: The active substances found in star anises, such as Quercetin, Anethole, Shikimic acid, Gallic acid, and Limonene, have been shown to stimulate the work of the blood cells more efficiently. It can help white blood cells work and against the germs effectively, such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses, as well as help, manage foreign cells that occur in the body.
Therefore, the star anise has curative properties related to immune system function. It helps prevent and stop various types of infections, including fungi, viruses, and bacteria, as well as help, promote the function of white blood cells to eliminate foreign substances that occur in the body.